Dr Georgina Jardim

B.A. (Johannesburg), B.A. (Hons) (Islamic studies), M.A. (Potchefstroom), Ph.D. (Gloucestershire)


Currently a research associate of the University of Gloucestershire, I have studied female characters in the Qur'an from a Christian perspective and have research interests in scriptural reasoning and the intersection of religion and women’s studies.

Originally from southern Africa, I have taught in secondary and tertiary education in the UK and South Africa, including an introduction to Islam, Christian-Muslim relations, and scriptural engagement at various colleges. I have contributed to conferences on the topics of female characterisation in the Bible and Qur'an and methods of scriptural engagement.

My most recent research projects include a survey of Christian-Muslim encounters in the documentation of the 19th century Scottish explorer, David Livingstone. I also work to facilitate deeper engagement between ‘everyday’ Christians and Muslims and to develop public engagement with faith through the arts.

International partnership development

As a Fellow of the Centre for Muslim-Christian Studies in Oxford, I seek cooperation with those who share the ethos of CMCS. I have established links with individuals and institutions in, among others, Ghana, Kenya, Ethiopia, South Africa, the United Arab Emirates, South Korea and Indonesia.

I am currently working with Dr. John Azumah to launch the Centre for the Advanced Study of Islam and Christianity in Accra, Ghana.

The launch event is a conference scheduled for late 2019/early 2020, that will draw together international scholars on the theme of ‘Territory and Hospitality: Muslims and Christians learning to live together.’

For more information on the conference, please see our Call for Papers, or email ghanaconf@cmcsoxford.org.uk.

To express an interest in the development of Christian-Muslim relations in your context, please contact me at g.jardim@cmcsoxford.org.uk


Recovering the Female Voice in Islamic Scripture: Women and Silence (Ashgate), 2014

  • Based on my doctoral thesis, this book explores the way in which the Qur'an presents women as speaking. The book considers a Qur'anic hermeneutic to assist a non-Muslim reading of the text. A key is found in the language of sign in the Qur’an, particularly in its chapter titles, which leads to the identification of female characters that show women as speaking in the Qur'an. One such character is al-mujadilah, ‘the woman who disputes,’ the chapter title of Surah 58 in the Qur’an.

Book contributions

‘Biblical Ruth as a Qur'anic Queen of Sheba: Scriptural Narratives of Foreigner Assent’, in D. Crowther, S. Shafaie, I. Glaser and S. Akhtar (eds), Reading the Bible in Islamic Context: Qur'anic Conversations (London: Routledge, 2017)

  • This chapter compares two female characters from the Bible and Qur'an respectively in terms of their assent to a ‘foreign’ god. In the Qur'an, the Queen of Sheba submits to ‘the Lord of the worlds’ after her meeting with Solomon. The Bible does not confirm the Queen of Sheba’s faith at the return to her homeland. The paper asks how submission may be presented in the Bible. This chapter explores Ruth as an example of a foreign woman who assents to the God of Israel as a counterpart to the Qur'anic Queen of Sheba.


‘References to Muslims and Islam in the correspondence and journals of David Livingstone’, Christian-Muslim Relations 1900: A Bibliographical History (forthcoming)

  • This article developed out of an interest in the 19th century explorer David Livingstone’s meeting with the slave trader, Jumbe in Malawi in the early 1860s. The meeting is commemorated on a plaque attached to a fig tree in the town of Nkhotakhota on Lake Malawi which this author visited in 2008

‘Muslim Women against Apartheid: Muslim Women for Universal Values’The Journal of Scriptural Reasoning, Vol. 14 No. 1 (June 2015)

  • This article is based on a paper delivered at a conference on Muslim women and activism at the University of Derby in June 2014 in the year of the 20th anniversary of the first democratic elections in South Africa and inauguration of Nelson Mandela as president.


‘Scriptural Reasoning in everyday contexts’, European Academy of Religion Conference (Bologna, Jun 2017)

‘Prophets as signs of God’ Bible Translation Conference (Istanbul, Jun 2016)

‘Biblical Ruth as the Qur`an’s Queen of Sheba: narratives of submission’ Reading the Bible in Contexts of Islam Conference (Oxford, Sep 2015)

‘Improving the quality of our disagreements’ Social Media, Religion and Political Violence Forum, The Open University (London, Jun 2015)

‘Strengthening women’s work through scriptural reasoning’ Symposium: Faith and Feminism, New Horizons in British Islam (Derby, Jun 2015)

‘Muslim Women against Apartheid’ Muslim Women and Activism Conference (Derby Jun 2014)

‘The chapter of the woman who debates as precedent for debate in the Qur`an’ Centre for Muslim-Christian Studies (Oxford Feb 2014)

‘A justly balanced people: gender as signifier of equilibrium in the ummah’ Symposium on Love in Abrahamic Religions, A Common Word Project, 5th Anniversary (Regents College Oxford, Oct 2012)