Monotheism and its Complexities

PROF DAN MADIGAN S.J.
Georgetown University

Both our traditions have had to recognise that our affirmation that the One God has ‘spoken’ in our human history raises some complex questions that need to be carefully thought through if we want to maintain our confession of God’s unity. The Islamic tradition warns Christians that belief in God as trinity can jeopardise and even contradict genuine monotheism.

Frank appraisals by modern theologians have recognised that many Christians effectively have a tritheist faith rather than a truly trinitarian one. Genuine trinitarianism, it will be argued, does not push Christians towards the affirmation of three gods; on the contrary it could be seen as guarding against a belief in multiple deities that might develop from the multifarious experience we have of God.