Signs of Faith: Visible identity markers in contemporary Islam and Christianity

Dr Richard McCallum
Senior Fellow, Centre for Muslim Christian Studies, Oxford

Humans are instinctively tribal and believers are no exception. From veils and crosses to fish and even sharks, Christians and Muslims have employed a wide range of visible identity markers to create distinction. This paper explores the visible symbols that are used to mark religious tribal boundaries and asks whether Christians in the west may feel themselves to be at a disadvantage for lack of visual distinctiveness.