History of Muslim Views of the Bible

Primary Sources:

‘Alī al-Ṭabarī The Book of Religion and Empire, tr. A. Mingana (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1922).

al-A ‘ẓamī, M. The History of the Qur’anic Text (Leicester: UK Islamic Academy, 2003).

[Pseudo?] al-Ghazālī Al-Radd al-jamīl li-ilāhiyyat ‘Īsā bi-ṣarīḥ al-injīl [‘The Fitting Refutation of the Divinity of Jesus on the Evidence of the Gospel] . Arabic text with French translation available in R. Chidiac Une Réfutation Excellente de la divinité de Jésus-Christ d’après le texte meme de l’évangile (Paris: J. Vrin, 1939).

Ibn Ḥazm Al-Faṣl fi’l-milal wa’l-ahwā’ wa’l-niḥal, 3 vols. (Beirut: Dār al- Kutub al-‘Ilmiyya, 2007).

Ibn Khaldūn Al-Muqaddimah [‘The Introduction’] Arabic text in Prolégomènes, ed. M. Quatremère, 3 vols. (Paris: B. Duprat, 1858); English translationThe Muqaddimah, tr. F. Rosenthal, 3 vols. (Princeton: PUP, 1958/1967 2nd edition).

Ibn Sīnā Al-Aḍḥawiyya fi’l-ma‘ād, ed. Hasan ‘Āṣī (Beirut: al- mu’assassat al-jāmi‘īat al-dirāsāt, 1984); see translation of comment on Bible in F.Rahman, Prophecy in Islam (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1958), p. 44.

Ibn Taymiyya A Muslim Theologian’s Response to Christianity, tr. T. Michel (Delmar, N.Y.: Caravan Books, 1984).

al-Juwaynī Shifā al-ghalīl. Arabic text and French translation in M. Bouyges (ed.) Textes Apologétiques de Guwainī (Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, 1968).

Kairanvi, M.R. Izhar-ul-Haq: The Truth Revealed, Parts 1, 2 and 3, tr. M. Raazi (London: TaHa, 2003)

Khan, Sayyid Ahmad The Mahomedan Commentary on the Holy Bible, Genesis I- IX (Aligarh: Privately Published, 1865).

Saeed, A. ‘The Charge of Distortion of Jewish and Christian Scriptures’ Muslim World 92 (2002), pp 419-36.

—— The Qur’an: an Introduction, Chapter 8, ‘The Qur’an and Other Scriptures’ (London: Routledge, 2008).

Secondary Sources:

Accad, M. ‘The Ultimate Proof-Text: The Interpretation of John 20.17 in Muslim-Christian Dialogue (Second/Eighth-Eight/Fourteenth Centuries)’ in D. Thomas (ed.) Christians at the Heart of Islamic Rule (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2003), pp. 199-214.

Adang, C. Muslim Writers on Judaism and the Hebrew Bible from Ibn Rabban to Ibn Hazm (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1996).

Griffith, S. ‘Arguing from Scripture: the Bible in the Christian/Muslim Encounter in the Middle Ages’ in T. Hefferman and T. Burman (eds.) Scripture and Pluralism: Reading the Bible in the Religiously Plural Worlds of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2005), pp. 29- 58.

Lazarus-Yafeh, L. Intertwined Worlds (Princeton: PUP,1992).

McAuliffe, J. ‘The Qur’anic Context of Muslim Bible Scholarship’ in Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 7 (1996), pp. 141-55.

Nickel, G. ‘Early Muslim Accusations of Tahrīf: Muqātil ibn Sulaymān’s Commentary on Key Qur’anic Verses’ in D. Thomas (ed.),The Bible in Arab Christianity (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2007).

Saleh, W. ‘A Fifteenth-Century Muslim Hebraist: al-Biqā‘ī and His Defense of Using the Bible to Interpret the Qur’ān’ in Speculum 83 (2008), pp. 629-54.

—— In Defense of the Bible: a critical edition and an introduction to al- Biqā‘ī’s Bible Treatise (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2008).

Thomas, D. ‘The Bible and the Kalām’ in D. Thomas (ed.) The Bible in Arab Christianity (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2007), pp. 175-91.

—— ‘The Bible in Early Muslim-Christian Polemic’ in Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 7 (1996), pp. 29-38.

Tsadik, D. ‘Religious Disputations of Imāmī Shī‘īs Against Judaism in the Late Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries’ in Studia Iranica 34, pp. 95- 134.

Wheeler, B. ‘”This is the Torah that God sent down to Moses”: Some Early Islamic Views of the Qur’an and Other Revealed Books’ in Graeco- Arabica 7-8 (2000), pp. 571-604.

Whittingham, M. ‘How Could so Many Christians be Wrong? The Role of Tawātur (Recurrent Transmission of Reports) in Understanding Muslim Views of the Crucifixion’ in Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 19 (2008), pp. 167-78.