Dr Shabbir Akhtar

B.A., M.A. (Cantab), Ph.D. (Calgary, Alberta)


Shabbir is a Muslim scholar who holds a doctorate in the Philosophy of Religion and was a Fellow at CMCS from 2013 to 2018. After working in British race relations, he taught philosophy of religion and comparative religions in an Islamic university in Malaysia for four years, and for a decade in Old Dominion University in Virginia, USA. Currently he is an associate member of the Faculty of Theology and Religion at the University of Oxford.  He has published widely on Islam and Christianity. His articles have appeared both in academic journals and in the national press. Several of his books have been translated into the major Islamic languages.

Current projects


The New Testament in Muslim Eyes: Paul's letter to the Galatians (London, New York: Routledge, 2018)

Islam as Political Religion: The Future of an Imperial Faith (London, New York: Routledge, 2010).

The Quran and the Secular Mind: A Philosophy of Islam (London, New York:  Routledge, 2008).

Love in the Wrong Season: Collected Poems (London:  Fox/Melisende, 2000).

The Education of Muslims in the UK (London: Ta ha Publishers, 1993).

The Muslim Poetic Imagination (London: Scorpion/Cavendish, 1992).

The Final Imperative: An Islamic Theology of Liberation (London: Bellew, 1991).

A Faith for All Seasons: Islam and the Challenge of the Modern World (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield/Ivan Dee, 1991).

Be Careful with Muhammad: The Salman Rushdie Affair (London: Bellew, 1989).

The Light in the EnlightenmentChristianity and the Secular Heritage (London: Grey Seal/Cassell, 1990).

Reason and the Radical Crisis of Faith (New York, Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1987).

Book contributions

‘Prophet Warning: Justification, Retribution and Salvation in Islam – A Comparative Study’, in P. Koslowski (ed.), The Anxiety of End-Time(Munich: Wilhelm Fink, 2012).

‘The Revival of Philosophy among Muslims’, in D. Cheetham and R. King (Eds.) Contemporary Practice and Method in the Philosophy of Religion  (London: Continuum/T&T Clark, 2008).

‘The Dialogue of Islam and the World Faiths: The Role of Speculative Philosophy’, in P. Koslowski (ed.), Philosophy Bridging the World Religions (Boston, Mass.: Kluwer   Academic, 2003).

‘The Limits of Internal Hermeneutics’ and ‘Critical Quranic Scholarship and Theological Puzzles’, in H. Vroom and J. Gort (eds.), Holy Scriptures in Judaism, Christianity and Islam (Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, 1997).

‘Relationships Between Muslim Parents and Children in a Non-Muslim Country’, in M. King (ed.), God’s Law versus State Law (London: Grey Seal, 1995).

‘The Future of Christian-Muslim Relations’, in D. Cohn-Sherbok (ed.), The Canterbury Papers,  (London: Bellew, 1992).

‘The Limits of Liberalism’ in Bhikhu Parekh (ed.), Free Speech  (London: Commission for Racial Equality, 1990).

‘The Possibility of a Philosophy of Islam’, in O. Leaman and S.H.Nasr (eds.), The Routledge History of Islamic Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1995).

‘Art or Literary Terrorism?’, in D. Cohn-Sherbok (ed.), The Salman Rushdie Controversy in Interreligious Perspective (Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1990).


‘An Islamic Model of Revelation’, Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, Vol.2, No.1 (1991), pp.95-105.

‘Faust and the New Idolaters: Reflections on shirk’, Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, Vol.1, No.2 (1990), pp. 252-260.

‘Miracles as Evidence for the Existence of God’, Scottish Journal of Religious Studies, Vol. XI, No.1, Spring (1990), pp.18-23.

‘Is there an Epistemic Parity Between Faith and Rejection?’, The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Vol. XXVI,  No.3 (1988), pp.293-305.

‘The Virtues of Fundamentalist Exegesis’, Scottish Journal of Religious Studies, Vol.  IX, No.2 (1988), pp.41-49.

‘Religious Messages and Cultural Myths’, Sophia, Vol.25, No.3 (1986), pp. 32-40.

Book Reviews

‘At War with Modernity’ by D. Pryce-Jones, Muslim World Book Review, Vol.14, No. 1 (1993), pp. 4-5.

‘Where East meets West’ by M. Abul-Fadl and ‘Cultural Schizophrenia’ by D. Shayegan, Muslim World Book Review, Vol.13, No.3 (1993), pp. 25-27.

‘The Arab Christian’ by Kenneth Cragg, Muslim World Book Review, Vol.13, No.1 (1992) pp. 49-50.

‘Islam in a World of Diverse Faiths’ by Rabbi D. Cohn-Sherbok, Muslim World Book Review, Vol.12, No.2 (1992), pp. 30-32..

‘The Uneasy Alliance: Religion, Refugee Work, and US Foreign Policy’ by Bruce Nichols, Ethics, Vol. 100, No.1 (1989), p.225.

‘Theism’ by Clement Dore, The Journal of Religion, Vol. 66, No.4 (Oct.86), pp. 451-52.